Fatty Liver

In modern life nowadays, high-calorie foods and lack of physical activity can easily turn people fat. However, besides the obesity that affecting their physical appearance, the internal organs can also suffer from obesity, one of them could happen in the Liver. This case is commonly known as fatty liver disease or Fatty Liver.

What is fatty liver?
Fatty liver means there is an excessive fat accumulate in the liver’s cells.

In general, normal liver cells already contain fat, but the fat content is not high. When the liver fat accumulation reaches more than 10% from the total weight of liver, this condition calls fatty liver. In this situation, some healthy liver cells has already replaced with fat. Liver colors also change to yellow because of fat shine, become bigger and heavier than normal condition.

Fatty liver is generally not dangerous, because liver function remains undisturbed, but in the long term, fatty liver has the potential to cause liver damage and cirrhosis.

This type of fatty liver disease has two stages: 1) steatosis (fatty liver only), 2) Steatohepatitis (fatty liver accompanied by inflammation). This situation can occur because (1) excessive alcohol consumption, called ASH (alcoholic steatohepatitis), or (2) not cause by alcohol called NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis).

Fatty liver rarely cause complaints from the patient with this disease, due to the slow process of this fat accumulation. Clinical symptoms that often complaint by the patient is stomach fullness, because most of the fat accumulates in the upper liver. As the condition worsens, the patient may feel tired, weight loss, abdominal discomfort, weakness, and dizziness. Commonly patients with this disease do not know they suffer fatty liver disease and usually found out after a general check-up they conduct for other diseases.

What causes fatty liver?
If hepatitis A, B, C is primarily caused by a virus, fatty liver disease is more likely caused by unhealthy lifestyle. High consumption of carbohydrate and fatty foods are often led to fatty liver so does alcohol consumption habit, and obesity or overweight condition.

Some other things that can cause fatty liver include:
- Drugs.
- Hormonal disorder or changes like during pregnancy.
- Metabolic syndrome disorders.
- Diabetes.
- Extreme weight loss and malnutrition.

Who is at risk of fatty liver?
- Obesity, 80% of fatty liver patients is obese with NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis). Fatty liver risks are increasing for
  overweight and obese patients.
- Diabetic patients.
- Patients with a high triglycerides level.

What are the consequences of fatty liver?
Fatty liver causes liver to store fat instead of doing their function in burn fat and discard fat excess from our body. Fatty liver is actually an accumulation of triglycerides and other fats inside liver cells. If the room in the liver and liver cells filled with fat, the liver can not filter and clean the blood flow efficiently and blood flow becomes filled with toxins and fat.

The best treatment for this condition is to leave things that could be a factor. The fact is in obese patient, fatty liver will be reduced when the body weight is reduced. In alcohol users, level of liver fat is reduced if he stopped "drinking".

The important thing to do is to live with healthy lifestyle as soon as possible and do not forget to exercise regularly and get enough rest. Other than to change the lifestyles, it is recommended also to consume foods and beverages that can keep liver function healthy such as curcumin..

Source:
- http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease/DS00577
- http://www.infeksi.com/articles.php?lng=in&pg=1264