Cirrhosis

The incidence of liver cirrhosis is quite a lot. Many patients with liver disease are not aware that they have entered the stage of liver cirrhosis because in some patients with mild cirrhosis have no symptoms and feel healthy for many years. In fact, cirrhosis is very dangerous because if untreated well, can cause death. For that, its existence must be prevented.

What exactly is cirrhosis of the liver?

Cirrhosis is the final phase of destruction of the liver which characterized by the replacement of normal liver tissue with scar tissue, causing liver cells to lose function, namely: eliminate toxins, making proteins, helps to fight infection, purify the blood, help digest food and store energy.

From this phase of cirrhosis, about 5 percent of people with cirrhosis will progress to liver cancer.

What causes cirrhosis?

Liver cirrhosis is caused by liver damage in a long term and sustainable. Liver damage is caused by several factors. Hepatitis C is the leading cause of cirrhosis. However, hepatitis B, liver disease derivatives, bile duct blockage, excessive alcohol consumption, fatty liver, infectious germs, etc are also other causes of cirrhosis.

In the early phases, cirrhosis has no symptoms in most patients, but along with the increasing number of scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue, slowly the symptoms begin to appear. Some symptoms that might happen:
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Nausea
- Tired
- Abdominal pain
- Easy bruising or bleeding, or nosebleeds
- Skin and eyes become yellow (jaundice)
- Urine become dark-colored
- Swelling at the abdomen or legs

Prevent Cirrhosis

There are no guarantees that can prevent liver disease progress to cirrhosis. However, there are some things you can do to reduce the possibility of cirrhosis. Some suggestions for preventing cirrhosis that can be done:
  1. Consult your liver disease to the doctor. Some causes of cirrhosis can be treated, and early treatment may prevent cirrhosis.
  2. Having a healthy lifestyle, eat healthy foods, and staying active and exercising
  3. Keep your weight within normal limits. Condition of excessive weight and obesity increase the risk of heart disease
  4. Avoid drinking too much alcohol
  5. Decrease the risk of hepatitis. Sharing needles and unsafe sex can increase the risk of hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis vaccination is also required.
  6. Maintaining heart health through food and beverages that have been proven through research to have the function of maintaining heart health

Source:
- http://imrannito.blogspot.com/2008/02/sirosis-hati.html
- http://majalahkesehatan.com/penyebab-gejala-dan-penanganan-sirosis-hati/
- http://www.emedicinehealth.com/cirrhosis/article_em.htm