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Some functions of livers including :
  1. Converting toxins, drug residues, alcohol and harmful substances produced by our body into elements that can be accepted by the other organs to be removed through the kidneys and intestines. Many types of drugs should be digested in the liver before it works perfectly.
  2. Breaking down the old red blood cells and changing the hemoglobin (substance that carries oxygen in red blood cells) into bile, and then channeled into the gallbladder for further purposes. If required, this bile is excreted into the intestine to help absorbing vitamins and lipid emulsion which is needed from food consumption.
  3. Producing, storing and circulating glucose to all body parts. Besides also controlling the cholesterol level in the blood, processing and producing as many as needed.
  4. Protein processing, as needed to produce high levels of blood viscosity, to send nutrients to other organs and partly serves to produce body immunity.

Another functions are:
  1. To process carbohydrates, fat, protein and alcohol.
  2. Digest and produce bilirubin (from red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones and drugs.

Liver cells have a remarkable ability to regenerate. In 3 times 24 hours after transplantation, liver has been able to recover. But if the liver continuously damage or repetitively, it will form a lot of connective tissue that would disrupt the structure of the liver, a condition known as cirrhosis (cirrhosis) or liver stiffness. If cirrhosis has occurred then whole liver functions that are essential for life will be impaired.

Unfortunately, detection of liver damage is difficult because it must go through laboratory tests, so the symptoms would generally only be felt when liver damage has reached about 80%, which in this condition the liver can no longer be treated. Therefore, liver disease is often called the "silent killer" because of the damage stages have no symptoms until it is completely untreatable.


Some of most common liver diseases among others :
  1. Liver disease due to infection by viruses such as hepatitis that is transmitted through contaminated food & drinks, injections, tattoos, a contaminated needle prick, sexual activities, and others.
  2. Liver disease due to toxins (such as alcohol or certain drugs). Alcohol is toxic to liver. The existence of drug accumulation in the liver (such as acetaminophen) or interference with the metabolism of drugs can cause liver disease.
  3. Genetics or heredity (eg hemochromatosis).
  4. Immune disorders (eg autoimmune hepatitis). Autoimmune disease is a disease caused due to the resistance against the body's own tissues. In general, autoimmune hepatitis who resisted the liver cells, resulting in chronic inflammation.
  5. Cancer (eg Hepatocellular Carcinoma). Liver cancer can be caused by carcinogenic compounds such as aflatoxin, polyvinyl chloride (plastic fabric), viruses, etc.. Aflatoxin is a toxin produced by Aspergillus flavus and can contaminate food during storage, such as beans, rice & cassava, especially in the tropics. Hepatitis B and C and cirrhosis of the liver can develop into liver cancer.

Source:
  • http://hepatitis.roche.co.id/content1.php
  • http://www.infeksi.com/articles.php?lng=in&pg=1264


Learn more about Hepatitis, Cirrhosis, Fatty Liver, and Liver Fibrosis: